Developing Integrated Emission Strategies for Existing Land Transport (DIESEL) Program for Bangkok

1. The purpose of the program is to reduce particulate emissions from in-use diesel vehicles in Bangkok by working with national and municipal level agencies to adopt improved policy and technology solutions.

2. The DIESEL Program aims to develop knowledge-based reference tools and to propose strategic policy options in order to help policymakers implement effective measures for diesel vehicle pollution reduction.

3. The program was formulated according to five principal tasks:

• Enhance the capacity of local stakeholders in Bangkok and other cities to understand the factors affecting local and global emissions of their in-use diesel vehicle fleet.
• Measure Particulate Matter (PM) and local pollution emissions reduction potential and fuel or energy efficiency improvements of selected technical alternatives that would be of interest to all major cities.
• Assess the effectiveness of a select number of viable and affordable policies and technical measures to reduce diesel vehicle emissions, which maintain or improve overall accessibility of the poor to the transport system.
• Prepare tools to assist decision makers in developing urban diesel emission action plans, which reflect the political, social, and economic implementation realities of developing countries.
• Disseminate the research finding through the Clean Air Initiative networks in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

4. Stages of the program

• In the first stage, Eco-Asia/Thailand will support the efforts of the Pollution Control Department and the Department of Land Transport to gain a better understanding of factors affecting in-use diesel vehicle emissions, to quantify them where possible, and to assess alternative mitigation options.
• In the second stage, which will start next year, Eco-Asia/Thailand will assist in implementing specific mitigation measures identified in the first phase.

5. Specific inputs include the following:

• Provide funds for a full-time Thai Coordinator who will sit at the Pollution Control Department to help collect and analyze data, coordinate project activities, and document project results.
• Provide funds to cover a Technical Advisor (Phil Sayeg) to provide specialized inputs to the project
• Provide a grant to an organization that will coordinate the process of sourcing the approximately 200 diesel vehicles (meeting the desired characteristics) that will need to be tested to determine emissions factors.
• Provide funds to an organization to administer a survey of vehicle owners to provide a better understanding how diesel vehicles are used. The grant will be used to fund a 5-6 person team to conduct the survey and input and analyze the results.
• Plan one or two study tours for Thai partners, such as to Hong Kong and Tokyo to learn about that city’s innovative emissions control program.
• Eco-Asia will develop and help implement a retrofitting component of the project.

6. Expected Results:

• An extensive and appropriate knowledge base, along with analytical tools, developed to evaluate key technical and policy interventions in reducing emissions from diesel vehicles (FY 04)
• Development of comprehensive diesel pollution management strategies and action plans for in-use diesel vehicles in Bangkok (FY 04)
• Specific emissions reductions measures undertaken, e.g. overall regulat



Total Budget:

Funding Sources / Donors:
2. Alliance Partners – PADCO, U.S. EPA, World Bank, Private sector companies etc

Funding Type:
• TA

Status of Project:

Implementing Agencies:

Regions Covered:

Countries Covered:
• Thailand

Cities Covered:
• Bangkok