Indonesia Clean Air Forum (FUBI) E-newsletter

Compiled by Dollaris Suhadi and Mariana Sam, Swisscontact – Indonesia

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March/April 2010 Issue

New Life for Jakarta’s Old Town
By Ratna Yunita, ITDP

Jakarta is a metropolitan city where for the last ten years development has increased very rapidly. Skyscrapers with modern architecture are found in almost every corner of the city. But there is a noble historic revitalization project underway at the historical site of Oud Batavia or Old Town. Oud Batavia is situated in the north and west areas of Jakarta. In the 17th century, the Dutch set up Oud Batavia similar to cities in the Netherlands, with a canal known as Grote Rivier (Kali Besar) and Fatahillah Plaza as the main head of the district.

In 2009, the government implemented the first project phase—pedestrian sidewalk improvement—in Fatahillah Plaza. Phase two will continue these improvements to the Grote Rivier area in 2010. The area is also free from cars and motorcycles, in order to bring better air quality for Oud Batavia’s visitors and to reduce the structural vibration that motorized vehicles cause which can damage old buildings. Pedestrianization also encourages visitors and residents to visit many museums located within walking distance of the plaza.

The revitalization plan for Oud Batavia area was initiated by Ali Sadikin, the former Governor of DKI Jakarta, during his tenure from in 1966 to 1977. Unfortunately, the program was not continued by governors who succeeded him, until Governor Sutiyoso relaunched the revitalization of the Oud Batavia as a dedicated program in 2005. Revitalization work has been ongoing since 2005. The project began with the replacement of with 300 meters of road surface andesite stones to widen the road. Oud Batavia’s colorful evening lighting scheme and additional trees near the pedestrian plaza area have made the district more pedestrian friendly.

Revitalization is not only about physical changes, but also public participation in maintaining the site. In order to create public participation and to boost economic development of the area, the city administration and British Council signed an agreement to support local arts events in the next three years. The program is aimed to promote Jakarta as a creative city and to encourage visitors to come to the site.
According to Aurora Tambunan, deputy governor for the culture and tourism affairs, the pedestrian project is an inducement to attract investors to revitalize the Oud Batavia. As a cross-sector project, municipal departments involved included the Public Works Agency, the Urban Park Agency, the Urban Planning and Spatial Agency, the Transportation Agency, and the Culture and Museum Agency.

Walkability in Jakarta: A Survey from Pedestrian for Pedestrian
By Mariana Nuradi Sam and Anthony Octaviano, Swisscontact Indonesia Foundation

As part of the research on “Walkability in Asia City”, Swisscontact Indonesia Foundation (SIF) took part in survey that investigates pedestrian facility in Jakarta. Jakarta Walkability Index is divided into three components, this include Field Walkability Survey, Pedestrian Interview Survey, and Government/Stakeholder Survey. The Field and Pedestrian Interview Survey were carried out in four areas: commercial area (Sudirman-Thamrin-Wahid Hasyim); public transportation area (Blok M Terminal Area); educational area (Universitas Kristen Indonesia-Cililitan); and low income residential area (Pademangan) and high income residential area (Kebayoran Baru).
The Field and Pedestrian Interview Survey were conducted during evening peak hours (from 4 PM to 7 PM). Routes were chosen based on the high usage of pedestrians. The roads are divided into stretches and each stretch is numbered based on the length and character of the road. A total of 50 pedestrians in each surveyed location were interviewed.

As for the Government/Stakeholder Survey, 5 governmental agencies were interviewed: The Department of Public Works, Directorate General of Spatial Planning; The Department of Public Works, Directorate General of Highway Construction and Maintenance; The Department of Transportation; DKI Jakarta Public Works Agency; and Directorate General of Traffic Education and Engineering, Greater Jakarta Regional Police.

The purpose of the Jakarta Walkabikity Index is to raise awareness amongst stakeholders and to lobby with concerned authorities for better planning of and increased investments in pedestrian infrastructure as well as mobilizing public opinion and generate awareness of walkability as an important issue for Jakarta residents.

Indonesia takes part in UNEP-PCFV Clean Fleet Management Training
By Mariana Nuradi Sam, Swisscontact Indonesia Foundation

As part of UNEP-PCFV global roll out of “Fleet Management Toolkit Training”, SIF organized two-day “Clean Fleet Management Training in Indonesia” on 23rd-24th of March in Le Meridien Hotel. Twenty five fleet companies and stakeholders, including international participants from TNT Worldwide, took part in the training on how to evaluate emissions from their fleets and put in place strategies to reduce emissions. Participants were trained by Heru Sugiarto, an emission practitioner. The outcome of the training was positive as participants were willing undertake emissions and fuel consumption cut. SIF will follow-up with participants that participated in the training. Furthermore, two fleet companies, Fajar Transport and PO Sinar Jaya, had expressed interest in signing MoU for further cooperation. HIBA Utama has already signed MoU and SIF will continue to monitor their progress. To learn more about this toolkit, please visit

ITDP Holds Audit and Management Training for Transjakarta Operators
By, published in ITDP Website

In a bid to improve the service quality of Transjakarta or commonly known as busway, Indonesian Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) in cooperation with Transjakarta Management Body (BLU), PT Inresh Indonesia, and the Association of Indonesian Safety Expert (IAKKI) held an audit and training of Safety Management System and Occupational Health (SMK3) for TransJakarta bus operators on March 23rd 2010.

This program aims to enhance the quality of Transjakarta bus service, in accordance with its objective of becoming rapid, cheap, easy, and efficient mode of transportation. The goal of the training is to improve the bus operational safety standard, raise public confidence, and prevent damages due to unwanted occurrences such as accidents.

Part of the training program is a thorough analysis of safety management which had been implemented by both Transjakarta BLU and the operators. The results will be used as a reference for of service improvement Transjakarta BLU management in the future.

“Safety is something that is not negotiable for us. Therefore, this kind of activity is one of our efforts in improving service, “said DA Rini, Head of Transjakarta BLU.


Jakarta Warns Drivers to get Emissions Testing on Vehicles
By Arientha Primanita & Ulma Haryanto, The Jakarta Globe

The city administration is calling on motorists to have their emissions tested, warning that it will soon strictly enforce the requirement that all vehicles display a sticker as proof they have done so. “There’s going to be another trial emissions test during Earth Day on April 22,” Ridwan Pandjaitan, head of the law enforcement at the Jakarta Environmental Management Agency (BPLHD), told the Jakarta Globe on Thursday, adding that it would be the last warning. By May, Ridwan said, vehicle-owners should expect the Jakarta Police and officials from the transportation agency to pull over cars not displaying proof of the emissions test. “Cars without a sticker will be given a warning,” he said. “There’s also a plan to combine emissions tests with the extension of car registrations.”

For now, Ridwan said, there were 34 sticker-only parking zones in the capital, such as in the Pondok Indah Mall in South Jakarta and the Central Jakarta mayor’s office, established as a way to introduce the initiative. “So far we have already distributed 180,000 stickers to 238 certified shops. Last November we did a familiarization test and distributed around 6,000 stickers,” he added.

He acknowledged, however, that the number of certified shops and available stickers was inadequate for the estimated 2.5 million cars in the capital. “We are still working on the sticker distribution method, so will be a long time until all cars are tested,” he added.

But Ridwan was pessimistic that the same will be done for motorcycles. “We have around 6.7 million in this capital, it’s still a long way. The current stickers are still not enough for all the cars.”

According to Ahmad Safrudin, from the Committee Against Leaded Gasoline (KPBB), the government is still unclear over the number of vehicle shops required to distribute stickers. He said lack of enforcement also made drivers reluctant to get emissions tests.
“I think most vehicle owners understand the law but because they cannot see any law enforcement, they tend to ignore it,” Ahmad said. He said the enforcement could be very simple. “Just hold a weekly raid, in collaboration with the local police, for a couple of weeks. I think it should be effective.”

Ahmad said the city government should not hesitate to begin enforcement as soon as possible because the bylaw and regulations requiring emissions tests were already in place. “There has to be enforcement, because emissions tests and raids can be a good motivation for vehicle owners to properly take care of their cars or motorcycles. The raids cause fear or concern so people will start to take better care of their vehicles,” Ahmad said.

“Now it seems that sometimes [the city] makes a problem out of sticker production and distribution. Are they trying to make a business out of it? The books [of stickers] are sold for around Rp 12,000 [$1.32]. Multiplied by how many vehicle owners in Jakarta, this is a multibillion Rupiah business,” he said. If each of the estimated 2.5 million cars gets a sticker book every time they come in for the annual emissions test, the gross revenues for the city would be Rp 30 billion per year.

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New Bylaw to Designate All Public Buildings in Jakarta as Smoke-Free Zones
By Arientha Primanita & Ulma Haryanto, The Jakarta Globe

Jakarta’s environmental authority is seeking to get smoking banned altogether in public buildings, saying measures requiring smoking rooms there was simply ineffective. Ridwan Pandjaitan, who heads law enforcement at the Jakarta Environmental Management Agency (BPLHD), said on Monday that regulations governing nonsmoking areas had failed to reduce the public health hazard.

“We are in the process of revising the gubernatorial decree to improve the regulation,” he said, adding that the changes were expected to be completed by the end of March and be ready for implementation by mid-April. “With the revised decree, people will not be allowed to smoke inside buildings, so no more special smoking places inside buildings,” he said.

Ridwan said that the current legislation, a 2005 bylaw on air pollution control and a 2005 gubernatorial decree on non-smoking areas, was not enough to ensure the public could enjoy smoke-free air. According to tests conducted in 34 of the city’s buildings by Swisscontact Indonesia, a Swiss foundation for technical cooperation, there was evidence of nicotine in almost all of the surveyed locations, including in schools and hospitals.

“Those two areas [schools and hospitals] are categorized as ‘totally smoke-free areas,’ however, we found that 32 percent of the tested locations in schools and 68 percent in hospitals had nicotine residue,” said Dollaris Suhadi, the executive director of Swisscontact Indonesia.

Based on regulations, there are seven areas where smoking is not allowed: public spaces, health facilities, workplaces, houses of worship, public transportation and areas specifically dedicated to education and children’s activities. “We also conducted a survey of 747 people, and according to our respondents, 90 percent would like to have totally smoke-free buildings and supported the initiative to have no more smoking inside buildings,” Dollaris said.

Ridwan said that to strengthen the drive against smoking in public places, the agency would propose a special new bylaw banning smoking inside all buildings in Jakarta. However, he said that the draft bylaw was still being deliberated. The new bylaw was important because the 2005 bylaw on the control of air pollution only refers to nonsmoking areas in one article and is not seen as detailed enough.

“With better laws in place, the sanctions would be easier to implement in all buildings,” Ridwan said, adding that the new bylaw would make all buildings and other public places completely free of cigarette smoke. Ridwan said that the agency would cooperate with other related agencies, including the police and prosecutors, to help enforce the regulation. He said the two institutions would assist in conducting raids on buildings.


Rising Cacaphony means Trouble for the Ears of Residents in Chaotic Jakarta
By Nurfika Osman, The Jakarta Globe

According to experts, if you live in Jakarta, there is a growing risk you might suffer from hearing problems, considering the extent of noise pollution as the capital embraces its growing density and increased traffic.

Dr. Ronny Suwento, who heads the ear, nose, and throat department, says noise pollution is continuing to worsen with more cars, more loudspeakers blaring at places of worship and music blasting out of construction sites and malls.

Each year the hospital’s ENT department handles more than 500 patients suffering from ear problems due to the noisy environment. Ronny also said 200 newborn babies a year in Jakarta suffered from hearing problems.


Every year 30.000 died due to Traffic Accident
Dwi Bayu Radius, Kompas Newspaper

30.000 people died each year due to traffic accident in Indonesia. Traffic accident is the third leading caused of death in Indonesia. Traffic accident incurs losses to many parties. 63% of those left behind due to traffic accident have the tendency of becoming poor. Based on survey results, the potential of a traffic accident reached 86% this year. A Defensive Driving Course was conducted in Bandung to minimize the risk of accident while driving by improving the ability in anticipating the driver of dangerous situations.


Police launch a Crackdown on Traffic and Safety Violations
Kompas Newspaper

Starting April 12 2010, the Jakarta Police have launched “Operasi Simpatik Jaya 2010” to improve safety and security on the roads. The twenty-day campaign aims to enforce discipline and compliance to the rules and regulations, especially among motorcycle and public transport drivers.

Motorcycles going to the wrong direction, motorcycle drivers or passengers not wearing standard safety helmets and public transport vehicles that stop where they shouldn’t or drive recklessly were cited as examples of the types of behavior that the police would be cracking down on.

Traffic and transport regulations specify a Rp 100,000 ($11.10) fine for motorcyclists who do not put their light on during the day, and up to Rp 250,000 for not wearing a helmet for both drivers and passengers of motorcycles. Drivers of motorcycles that fail to meet standards for safety and road-worthiness, such as those not possessing rearview mirrors, horns, a main light, proper exhaust pipes, or having worn tires, will face fines of up to Rp 250,000. Motorcyclists failing to keep to the left lane also face fines of up to Rp 250,000 or one month in jail.

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