The present project is a part of the 2001-2004 phase of the Sida-funded Programme on Regional Air Pollution in Developing Countries (RAPIDC), which is coordinated by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI). The Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia is an intergovernmental agreement to tackle regional air pollution problems, established in 1998 by the South Asian countries at a meeting of the SACEP Governing Council. It is the only environmental agreement covering all the countries of South Asia. Participating countries are Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
The implementation had three phases. With the completions of the baseline studies and national action plans the first phase is completed. Phase II to put in place expertise and monitoring equipment has already been initiated. The third phase would provide meaning full information for the policymaking and strengthening the Malé Declaration.
Phase I Agreement and awareness raising
Establishment of the National Focal Points (NFP in Ministries of Environment) and the designation of National Implementing Agencies (NIAs) by the NFPs were completed by 1999. The NIAs developed baseline studies and national action plans for each country. The baseline studies were developed to ascertain the status of air pollution knowledge and research in the countries and identified gaps. The action plans outlined activities to fill the gaps in order to build a firm basis for future agreements on air pollution emissions. Phase I has been completed.
Phase II (the current phase 2001-2004) includes the following capacity building activities:
• Further development of the NFP/NIA network, including the development of National Advisory Committees.
• Initial development of monitoring network.
• Carrying out parallel studies on Integrated Assessmen
Funding Sources / Donors:
Status of Project: Ongoing
United Nations Environment Programme's Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP/RRC-AP)
• East Asia
• South Asia
• Southeast Asia