Sustainable transport and the modernisation of urban transport in Delhi and Stockholm

The article was published in the Journal of Cities December 2010. It discusses sustainable transport and modernization of urban transport by means of two examples – one from a wealthy and well organized city and another one from a rapidly growing city: Stockholm and Delhi.

Marie Thynell, Dept. of Peace and Development Research, School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Dinesh Mohan, Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.
Geetam Tiwari, Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India.

This article addresses issues of the development of transport systems taking its examples from Delhi and Stockholm. The introduction of the first bus rapid transport corridor in Delhi and the congestion tax in Stockholm is presented and discussed in terms of modernisation and sustainable transport. This paper explores the perceptions of politicians and examines some transport plans in the search for the driving forces for transport policies. The continuing presence of a high proportion of non-motorised modes of transport and use of public transport in Delhi over the past 50 years gives it a greater political opportunity for creating a more inclusive city than Stockholm. Whereas, in Stockholm, awareness of the influence of emissions on climate change makes the inhabitants more inclined to accept fees for the use of city streets where sustainable transport and modernisation of transport systems are seen as key activities, but are perceived and operationalised differently in Delhi and Stockholm. Despite all the differences, some similarities in the development of their urban transport projects have been found. This paper inquires into the planning and operationalisation of transport modernisation and the politics of sustainable transport.

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Countries: India, Sweden
Cities: Stockholm, Sweden, India, Delhi
Topics: Sustainable transport