Shanghai is one of the Chinese cities facing severe air pollution challenges which are directly related to the rapid economic and industrial growth in Shanghai and the larger Yangtze Delta. Shanghai is China’s largest, and currently the world eighth largest, city with a population of 18.58 million and 6340 square kilometers. Air pollution levels in Shanghai, while lower than in Beijing, are well above both Chinese standards and WHO guideline values. Pollutants of special concern are fine particulates (PM2.5) and ozone.
As demonstrated in previous Olympic Games (Los Angeles, Seoul, Atlanta and recently Beijing), major international events provide unique opportunities to catalyze air quality management in the cities. Shanghai hosted the World EXPO from May to October 2010, and as part of its ongoing environmental planning (2009-2011) prepared a special Air Quality Plan for the World Expo which guided preparations for air quality management for the World Expo while at the same time boosting Air Quality Management in the medium and long term in Shanghai. This is very relevant especially since the theme of Expo 2010 is “Better City, Better Life,” representing the common wish of the whole humankind for a better living in future urban environments.
A successful and effective Air Quality Action Plan needs to cover a broad range of air quality issues, involve a broad group of stakeholders beyond only the government, extend beyond the city boundaries, and have a medium term focus so that activities continue after the mega-event is over. Similar to the 2008 Olympics in Beijing, the EXPO 2010 provided a unique opportunity to sensitize decision-makers and use the process to improve the Air Quality Plan to develop policies that include a broader range of air quality issues, extending beyond Shanghai’s boundaries into the Yangtze Delta and surrounding provinces, and continuing after EXPO 2010.
Shanghai wanted to learn from other cities with past or planned mega-events. There are several other Asian cities that host mega-events: Hong Kong (East Asian Games 2009), Guangzhou (Asian Games 2010), Singapore (inaugural Youth Olympics 2010), and Delhi (Commonwealth Games 2010).
Clean Air Asia supported the Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau with a survey of environmental / air quality plans of cities with past or future “mega-events.” This analysis fed into a stakeholder workshop jointly organized with SEPB in July 2009.
Clean Air Asia also assisted Shanghai in improving its communication with stakeholders on air quality. A
“Clean Air at Mega-Events Website” was launched (soft launch in April 2010 and formal launch in July 2010) to provide online guidance on AQM to cities organizing mega-events in the future. After the EXPO, a Post-Expo workshop was organized to capture lessons from Shanghai and share experiences with cities in China and other cities organizing mega-events.
Donor: Fu Tak Iam Foundation (FTI)
Partners: Shanghai EPB, SEMC
Duration: April 2009 – Jan 2011
Clean Air Asia contact: china(at)cleanairasia.org
We are grateful to the Fu Tak Iam Foundation Ltd. for their sponsorship of the “Blue Skies at Shanghai Expo 2010 and Beyond” project.
About the Project
The objectives of the project are to:
- Improve the Air Quality Plan and future air quality-related policies for Shanghai to ensure improved air quality during and after the World EXPO in Shanghai and the larger Yangtze Delta.
- Strengthen air quality policy development and implementation in other Chinese cities and in other Asian cities that are or may be hosting mega-events in the future.
The project had three major activities:
(a) a Pre-Expo Workshop to share and discuss Shanghai’s draft Air Quality Plan with cities with past or planned mega-events;
(b) Facilitated technical assistance to strengthen Shanghai’s Air Quality Plan and its implementation, and
(c) a Post-Expo Workshop to share experiences with cities in China and other cities organizing mega-events.
The following organizations were Clean Air Asia’s partners in implementing the project:
The Blue Skies at Shanghai Expo 2010 and Beyond project is sponsored by Fu Tak Iam Foundation Limited.
- Shanghai Environment Protection Bureau (SEPB) as main project partner in China
- Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences (SAES, conducting air quality research for Shanghai and in relation to EXPO 2010)
- US Environment Protection Agency (US-EPA, aside from establishing the AIRNow international system for Shanghai , US-EPA regional offices were also involved in managing air quality during major events such as Atlanta Olympics and Los Angeles Olympics.
Air Quality Management in Shanghai
As with other cities in China, Shanghai has been implementing measures to improve its environment. In fact, it has invested about 3 percent of its GDP over the past few years. Communication is a very important component of air quality management. Effective communication can improve public trust as well as aid in efficient implementation of measures. The project aims to assist in communicating China’s efforts to improve its air quality in relation before, during and even after Shanghai Expo 2010 by providing key information on air pollution levels and APIs, measures that the Government has taken to improve air quality, and other information that would be useful to inform the visitors of the EXPO2010, exhibitors, sponsors, general public, and the media.
Air Quality in Shanghai
Air Quality measures in Shanghai
To know more about air quality measures in Shanghai, visit the following links: SEPB – http://www.sepb.gov.cn/
Air Quality Management in Cities with Mega-Events
The project conducted a survey to review of the air quality management measures of cities with past and planned mega-events out to capture best practices and relevant lessons. Specifically the project
- Analyzed the scope, content and results of plans and policies aimed at improving air quality in cities with past and planned mega-events; and
- Assessed plans and policies to determine whether they aim(ed) at improvements in air quality during and beyond the event and outside the city borders.
The survey results are summarized in:
- [inline:AQM_in_Mega-Events_Survey_Report_FINAL.pdf= Blue Skies at Shanghai EXPO 2010 and Beyond: Analysis of Air Quality Management in Cities with Past and Planned Mega-Events – A Survey Report]
- [inline:articles-73499_ajero.pdf=Managing Air Quality during Mega-Events using a co-benefits approach]
The following cities and events were included in the survey:
- – [inline:Aichi_Expo_2005.pdf=Aichi (Japan), 2005]
- – [inline:Zaragosa_Expo_2008.pdf=Zaragosa (Spain), 2008]
- – [inline:Shanghai_Expo_2010.pdf=Shanghai (China), 2010]
- – [inline:Yeosu_Expo_2012.pdf=Yeosu (Korea), 2012]
- – [inline:Seoul_Olympics_1988.pdf=Seoul (Korea), 1988]
- – [inline:Atlanta_Olympics_1996.pdf=Atlanta (USA), 1996]
- – [inline:Sydney_Olympics_2000.pdf=Sydney (Australia), 2000]
- – [inline:Athens_Olympics_2004.pdf=Athens (Greece), 2004]
- – [inline:Beijing_Olympics_2008.pdf=Beijing (China), 2008]
Link to Clean Air Asia Beijing Olympics website:
– [inline:London_Olympics_2012.pdf=London (United Kingdom), 2012]
– [inline:Guangzhou_Asian_Games_2010.pdf=Guangzhou (China), 2010]
Workshops and Meetings
The 2nd Shanghai Clean Air Forum & International Workshop on Mega Events and AQM
14-15 July 2009, Shanghai, China
On the occasion of 290 days countdown of Shanghai EXPO, the “2nd Shanghai Clean Air Forum & International Workshop on Mega Events and Air Quality Management (AQM), which was co-hosted by Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Clean Air Asia, was held in Shanghai on July 14-15 at the Shanghai Sports Hotel in Shanghai, China. More than 100 experts and representatives from US, Italy, London, Beijing, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangzhou, as well as the universities, institutes and enterprises in Shanghai were involved in the workshop.
The activities were co-organized with the Shanghai Association of Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center and the Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences with support from the Fu Tak Iam Foundation and the Energy Foundation.
Agenda and Presentations are available from here
The 3rd Shanghai Clean Air Forum & International Workshop on Achievement of 2010 EXPO Air Quality Management
13 January 2011, Shanghai, China
Two months after the Shanghai EXPO was completed, more than 200 experts and representatives from Shanghai, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Guangzhou, Beijing, as well as experts from the US attended this forum and workshop to discuss the lessons learned and follow-up work relating to air quality management before, during and after the Shanghai EXPO.
The Forum and Workshop was jointly organized by Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau (SEPB) and Clean Air Asia Center, and co-organized with the Shanghai Association of Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center, Shanghai Academy of Environmental Sciences, AIRNow International with support from the Fu Tak Iam Foundation
Press Release available “here” (in Chinese).
Agenda and Presentations are available here.
Related Links and Documents