National emission inventory development in Mongolia

Mongolia workshop (3)

The training provided a thorough understanding of EI concepts and approaches suitable to current EI capacities in Mongolia

With deteriorating air quality becoming a pressing issue for Mongolia’s government, the necessity to bolster emission inventory (EI) capacity is now a priority.

At the first of a series of emission inventory trainings in Ulaanbaatar from March 16-17, Clean Air Asia’s Integrated Programme for Better Air Quality in Asia (IBAQ Programme), in conjunction with the National Agency for Meteorology and Environment Monitoring of Mongolia (NAMEM) and the Ministry of Environment and Tourism (MET), convened 26 representatives from government, research institutions and provincial environment monitoring agencies for a technical training on national EI development.

The “Training Workshop to Improve Capacity on Developing Emission Inventory” – guided by renowned air quality expert Dr Nguyen Thi Kim Oanh from Thailand’s Asian Institute of Technology – was aimed at increasing the technical knowledge of government staff and other stakeholders on EI approaches; improving local capacity for EI data collection, the evaluation of emissions factors and activity data for local technologies, and EI management; and identifying the next steps for EI implementation in Mongolia in line with Clean Air Asia’s Guidance Framework for Better Air Quality in Asian Cities.

“The training provided NAMEM and local EI compilers with a thorough understanding of EI concepts and approaches suitable to current EI capacities in the country, including the improvement of data collection systems and the assessment of appropriate emission factors for EI development,” said Dang Espita, Clean Air Asia Senior Air Quality Program Coordinator.

“Also shared were international experiences and good practices for EI development in Mongolia, covering data collection methodologies and emission modeling tools used in developing countries in the region.”

The strengthening of capacity to estimate emissions through the development of a manual for national-level EI was reflected in a cooperation plan between Clean Air Asia and the MET, which is aligned with the government’s priority of gathering national-level emission estimates of air pollutants in Mongolia to serve as baseline data for the formulation of emissions taxation and to inform the implementation of emission-control regulations.

As part of these efforts, Clean Air Asia and the Asia Center for Air Pollution Research is developing an EI manual and emissions calculation tools using available statistical data in Mongolia. The trainings supplement the development of the manual to enable the MET, NAMEM and other agencies to undertake a thorough EI.

Environmental Department Director Dr Batbayar Jadamda said air quality had become a significant issue in Mongolia, and stressed the importance of the collaboration with Clean Air Asia in EI development.

“Support under the IBAQ Programme is crucial in supporting Mongolia’s priorities in building the capacity of stakeholders to identify sources, quantify emissions, and ultimately use this information to arrive at sound pollution control strategies.”

“We look forward to continued cooperation with Clean Air Asia and its partners under the IBAQ Programme in the coming years.”