Clean Fuels And Vehicles

The vehicle population in Asia will exceed one billion in 2035. Fuel consumption and CO2 emissions will grow by 400% compared to 2005. The achievements in curbing particulate emissions will be offset by vehicle growth. Asia needs tighter vehicle emission and fuel quality standards that go beyond light-duty vehicles and that are supplemented with fuel economy standards, policies and programs for in-use vehicles and vehicle fleets.


Clean_Fuels_and_VehiclesClean Air Asia’s Clean Fuels and Vehicles (CFV) Program supports countries in the development, strengthening and implementation of fuel quality, vehicle emissions and fuel economy standards.

To fast track and harmonize standards across Asia and clean up in-use vehicles, the CFV Program is working to create a regional platform, the ASEAN Forum for Clean Fuels and Vehicles, capitalizing on the current political momentum to work together and learn from countries that are further advanced. This is in line with building on the gains of the 1st CFV Forum in the ASEAN Region, which opened doors to work closely with the ASEAN Secretariat to advance policies at the regional level. The regional platform, while created primarily for governments, brings stakeholders to the table, especially the private sector, development agencies, investors and civil society.

Our Clean Fuels and Vehicles Program consists of three components:

  1. Facilitate adoption of tighter standards for cleaner fuels and vehicles by Asian countries. Clean Air Asia works with national governments, industry and other stakeholders to agree on the introduction of tighter vehicle emission standards and fuels with 50 ppm Sulfur or less with a clear timeline. Similar policy dialogues will be held on fuel economy standards and on alternative fuels and vehicles. We bring together governments, partners and experts from different countries to share experiences with the aim to fast track and harmonize standards across Asia.
  2. Strengthen policy frameworks for effective management of in-use vehicles. Starting with a database of in-use vehicles in Asia, we will work with governments to improve vehicle inspection and maintenance systems, restrict the import and sales of polluting second-hand vehicles and engines, and phase-out polluting vehicles. Specifically, policies and financing mechanisms will be established to phase-out 2-stroke 3-wheelers by replacing these with 4-stroke or electric 3-wheelers or conversion to LPG.
  3. Introduce clean fleet management programs for public and private fleet operators. Building on the Clean Fleet Management Toolkit of UNEP and TNT, Clean Air Asia developed tailored toolkits for bus fleets and truck fleets. Depending on what is most suitable for each country, a Clean Fleet Management program will be established nationally for bus, truck, corporate, government and/or other fleets. We will support the design and establishment of such programs and build partner networks to roll these out.


Goals 2016 for Asia

  • Asian countries have Euro 4 or equivalent emission standards for light and heavy duty vehicles or have approved their introduction within four years.
  • Asian countries have fuel economy standards for light and heavy duty vehicles or have approved their introduction within four years.
  • Asian countries have effective programs for in-use vehicles including inspection and maintenance, phase-out of polluting vehicles and Clean Fleet Management.


Projects and Activities

In Progress:



Contact Persons:

Alvin Mejia, Transport Program Manager:
Glynda Bathan, Deputy Executive Director:


Blacksmith Institute
FIA Foundation
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
Maschinenbau Haldenwang GmbH & Co KG (MAHA)
Shakti Foundation
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Philippine Business for Environment
World Bank