The completion of a Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) in Bogor City in Indonesia that covers all key emission sources has laid the foundation for multi-sector improvements in urban air quality.
The CAAP, developed in partnership with Clean Air Asia’s Integrated Programme for Better Air Quality in Asia (IBAQ Programme), integrates existing data on air quality levels, emission sources and impacts with mitigation measures that are included in the city’s sectoral plans, covering areas such as environment, transportation and climate change.
An emissions inventory for Bogor City showed that the transportation sector was the dominant contributor to SO2, VOC and PM2.5 pollutants, while industry was the dominant contributor to NOx and CO pollutants.
Measures to reduce emissions from the transportation sector include the promotion of mass public transportation by resuming Trans-Pakuan BRT operations; strengthening the vehicle inspection and maintenance program; and the promotion of walking and cycling as modes of transportation.
Measures identified in the CAAP to reduce emissions from stationary sources, including industries, are focused on improving the system for emissions testing and tracking industry compliance; expanding the reach of solid waste collection to reduce the open burning of garbage; and banning rice straw burning and promoting sustainable agricultural practices.
In developing Bogor’s CAAP, Clean Air Asia collaborated with partners from the Association of Indonesian Municipalities, Bogor Agricultural Institute (IPB) and the National Institute of Technology (ITENAS) Bandung.
The IPB team was responsible for consolidating and analyzing existing information on air quality-related data, as well as mapping out city plans and initiatives on air quality management and climate change mitigation. The ITENAS Bandung team used the IPB team’s outputs and led the drafting of the CAAP. IBAQ Programme activities were conducted in partnership with the Bogor City Planning Agency and the City Environmental Agency.
The CAAP development process also involved two stakeholder consultation workshops in December 2018 and February 2019 as part of the activity’s participatory approach.
On March 28, 2019, the IBAQ Programme team for Bogor City – represented by Naufal Isnaeni and Febby Lestari from the Bogor City Regional Development Planning Agency, Dr Didin Permadi from ITENAS Bandung, and Dr Perdinan from IPB – met with the Bogor City Mayor Dr Bima Arya Sugiarto to present the CAAP. Dr Sugiarto identified priority measures for implementation in the CAAP and integration into the city’s new Medium-Term Development Plan.
The IBAQ Programme team, together with representatives from the City Regional Development Planning Agency and Environmental Agency, will also work together to set air quality targets for Bogor for 2020 to 2024 using baseline data in the CAAP. Targets will be set that take into consideration national ambient air quality standards and WHO guideline values.
Dr Sugiarto expressed his intent to join the BreatheLife Network as part of the city’s commitment to better air quality and climate change mitigation.
The IBAQ Programme’s objective is to strengthen technological and institutional capacity for air quality management and climate change mitigation, and contribute to more livable and healthy cities in Asia. It is being implemented in China, India, Mongolia, the Philippines, Vietnam and Indonesia.