Compiled by the Partnership for Clean Air, Inc.
Newsletter of the PARTNERSHIP FOR CLEAN AIR, INC. (PCA)
Philippines Country Network, 2011 Issue No. 7
~ Metro Manila Smoking Ban Lauded
~ Sun Star Cebu Editorial: Clearing the air
~ Press Release: UN Panel calls for immediate suspension of coal power projects in CDM
~ News on National Greening Program and Redd++: Feature: Pilot project for carbon trading in the Philippines gets boost with greening program
~ Miriam pushes phase-out of pre-2008 manufactured vehicles
~ Pasig City Gov’t. hopes to eradicate pollution through biking ordinance
~ 3rd Makati Green route for eJeepneys to be launched on July 12
• PCA NEWS
PCA elected the new members of its Board of Trustees during the General Assembly on June 14, 2011. Those elected to office are:
Ayala Foundation, Inc.
– Ms. Raquel Austria-Naciongayo
Philippine Institute of Petroleum
Due to the resignation of former Usec. Dante Velasco, we are waiting for Secretary Manuel “Mar” Roxas to appoint the DOTC Ex-oficio representative.
The New Board will elect its Officers during the PCA Board Meeting on July 21, 2011.
• AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT
METRO MANILA SMOKING BAN LAUDED
Saturday, July 2, 2011
ENVIRONMENT and public health advocates urged millions of Metro Manila residents to support the anti-smoking and littering campaign in the metropolis.
Both the EcoWaste Coalition and Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Alliance Philippines (FCAP) said the smoke-free goal for Manila by 2012 will help prevent tobacco-related diseases among residents as well as transients.
This will further reduce the volume of toxic-laden cigarette butts that are tossed onto streets and street gutters, canals and rivers, the groups said.
The metrowide ban on smoking in public places started last Friday, after a month-long information drive that saw environmental enforcers of the Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) issuing warnings to 8,792 violators.
As of 6 p.m. Friday, the MMDA has apprehended 249 people for violation of the smoking ban and 189 for anti-littering.
First time offenders will be fined with P500 or eight hours of community service if they are unable to pay. A third offense carries a fine of P10,000.
Earlier, the Philippine Medical Association vowed to send doctors to the streets to inform the public about the hazards of smoking.
SUN STAR CEBU EDITORIAL: CLEARING THE AIR
Sunday, July 10, 2011
TAKING several deep breaths is a risk these days.
That’s partly due to the need to resurrect Republic Act (RA) 9211, or the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003.
Prohibiting smoking in public places, RA 9211 needs serious enforcement. Many get away with lighting up and puffing away in jeepneys and other public utility vehicles (PUV), as well as bus and vehicles-for-hire (V-hire) terminals.
Due to the lack of intervention by drivers or security personnel, members of the public either move away from or fruitlessly argue with the smoker to put out their cigarette.
It’s a noxious situation, given the findings of the Department of Health (DOH) 7 that there’s an increasing number of Filipinos “developing and dying from” lung cancer, according to Rebelander S. Basilan’s July 8 report in Sun.Star Cebu.
Schools should be on the frontline of killing the high-risk, addicting habit of “lighting up.”
Basilan reported that the Department of Education (DepEd) 7 officials recently vowed to suspend or dismiss students, teachers or non-teaching personnel caught smoking inside campuses.
According to anecdotes of parents and other students, smoking is particularly rampant among those enrolled in night high schools. Authorities should monitor rest-rooms, gyms and unused classrooms for students loitering to smoke or carry out prohibited acts.
To add teeth to the schools’ enforcement of the smoking ban are two institutions. Parents and other adults should set the example. In 2009, the first Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) established that “almost half of Filipinos,” or 48.8 percent of those surveyed, inhale tobacco smoke at home. Of the surveyed group, 54 percent, representing 32.9 million of the population, said someone smokes at home, reported mb.com.ph.
Despite Filipinos’ high exposure to anti-smoking campaigns and their reportedly high levels of knowledge, attitude and practice to nicotine’s ill effects, smoking remains popular. This can be blamed on the easy access to cigarettes.
PRESS RELEASE: UN PANEL CALLS FOR IMMEDIATE SUSPENSION OF COAL POWER PROJECTS IN THE CDM
UN Panel Calls for Immediate Suspension of Coal Power Projects in the CDM 7 July 2011, Marrakesh, Morocco. In a note published yesterday, a UN panel of technical experts called to immediately suspend coal projects under the Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM) after an analysis revealed that current rules could lead to millions of artificial carbon credits. The CDM Executive Board is expected to make a decision at its upcoming meeting beginning 11 July in Marrakesh.
The CDM Methodology Panel is recommending that the CDM Executive Board suspend the super critical coal methodology (ACM0013) on the grounds that it significantly inflates baseline emissions. These inflated baselines could lead to a potentially serious overstatement of emission reductions from those projects and the issuance of carbon credits that don’t reflect real-world reductions. The analysis by the Methodology Panel shows that current CDM crediting rules allow plant operators to use outdated information to determine baseline emissions that ignores the efficiency improvements that have occurred at new fossil fuel-fired power plants over time.
Environmental groups have long argued that super critical coal projects do not belong in the CDM and strongly support a suspension of the super critical coal methodology.
Conservative estimates based on IAE data show that on average projects could be over-credited by 25-50%.The Methodology Panel states in its note “In the worst case the implementation of a project that claims emissions reductions, in fact, might have caused an emissions increase.”
NEWS ON NATIONAL GREENING PROGRAM AND REDD++
Feature: Pilot project for carbon trading in the Philippines gets boost with greening program
PIA Press Release
Thursday, July 07, 2011
By: Bong Pedalino
A new concept of saving forests from further deterioration while conserving them for biodiversity conservation and sustainable livelihood for local communities has been at work in Southern Leyte province since 2009, initiated by a German government organization GIZ.
In addition, the Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) concept might as well give flesh to talks in emerging international economics, such as carbon trading or carbon credit.
And with the National Greening Program (NGP) of the Aquino administration now being pursued vigorously until the year 2016, REDD project in the province got a perfect boost.
REDD, or its most recent variation, REDD +++, has been a “pilot project in the Philippines, and it can be found here in Southern Leyte province,” said Provincial Environment and Natural Resources Officer (PENRO) Ricardo Tomol who discussed the concept during the NGP provincial summit Monday.
Tomol said that GIZ spearheaded the REDD+++ for a three-year period from 2009 to 2012, but it was extended up to 2015 — and these are also the years when the NGP in the province will be implemented.
MIRIAM PUSHES PHASE-OUT OF PRE-2008 MANUFACTURED VEHICLES
By: Marvin Sy
The Philippine Star
Updated July 03, 2011 12:00 AM
MANILA, Philippines – Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago has filled a bill calling for a phase-out of old and fuel inefficient vehicles through the issuance of cash vouchers for the trade in of these vehicles in the next five years.
Senate Bill 2834 stipulates that the vouchers be used as partial payment for the purchase of a new or used fuel efficient vehicle.
“A voucher issued under the program may be applied to offset the purchase price of new fuel efficient automobile, a used fuel efficient automobile or a highly fuel efficient automobile,” Santiago said.
The value of the vouchers shall be determined according to the rules and regulations prescribed by the secretary of energy.
Targeted by the bill for phase out are vehicles manufactured before 2008 “for which the originally certified measured fuel economy level is less than 18 miles per gallon.”
Fuel-efficient vehicles, on the other hand, refer to any automobile manufactured after 2003 that qualified as fuel efficient in accordance with the rules and regulations promulgated by the secretary of energy.
PASIG CITY GOV’T. HOPES TO ERADICATE POLLUTION THROUGH BIKING ORDINANCE
By: Niña Calleja
Philippine Daily Inquirer
In a bid to reduce air pollution, the Pasig City Council has approved an ordinance promoting biking as an environmentally sound mode of transportation.
Signed by all members of the council and Mayor Bobby Eusebio, the ordinance titled “Bicycle Transportation Promotion Ordinance of 2011” cited the need to promote non-motorized transportation and also laid down the mechanisms, incentives and penalties for violators.
It was authored by Councilor Augustin Alexee Santiago.
“[An estimated] 60 percent of the air pollution in Pasig City comes from smoke-belching vehicles. The ever-increasing number of vehicles on the road has contributed immensely to the worsening of the air quality in the Philippines, particularly in Metro Manila,” the ordinance said.
It called for the designation of exclusive lanes for bike riders on major streets based on the Bike Map Guide developed by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority.
Bikers must use protective gear and rear lighting at night to avoid being penalized. Those caught without the required gear would be given a citation ticket on the first offense and pay a fine of P150.
Second-time offenders face a fine of P300.
Should they be caught without a rear light, they will be fined P200 (first offense), P350 (second) and P500 (third).
3RD MAKATI GREEN ROUTE FOR E-JEEPNEYS TO BE LAUNCHED JULY 12
07/11/2011 | 08:56 AM
Makati City, one of the pilot sites of the pioneering Climate Friendly Cities initiative, will launch on July 12 its third green route dedicated to electric jeepneys. Dubbed the Makati Heritage Route, the new ejeepney route traverses key commercial establishments and historical sites.
The route covers around five kilometers and goes around Barangay Poblacion from City Hall where many ancestral houses are located; the Museo ng Makati, Poblacion Park, Pio Del Pilar High School, then all the way through the Power Plan Mall towards Estrella and on to EDSA.
Mayor Jejomar Erwin Binay, Jr. an active pioneer of the Climate Friendly Cities project will lead the inaugural ceremonies as he marks his 34th birthday.
“As developing countries like the Philippines continue to face the so-called triple crises facing the economy, energy and the environment, cities like Makati can show the way and lead local government efforts at building climate resilient infrastructure and development of sustainable transportation programs,” Binay said.
Cities continue to consume over two-thirds of the world’s energy and are responsible for over 70 percent of global CO2 emissions. Yet, the devastation impacts of climate change are strongly felt in cities. Majority are prone to flooding while infrastructure and urban programs are becoming increasingly vulnerable to more frequent and severe weather events.